Do not know what dental abutment is? Most people are familiar with the dental implant itself and the crown or bridge. However, there is one piece of the ensemble that does not frequently get examined. This portion is called a dental abutment. Even though the abutment does not get much detail, it is an important part to complete the procedure. But do not worry if your dentist does not get a chance to discuss this with you. Your dentist will only consider some factors to get the ideal dental abutment for your condition. Visit Sure Smile Dental’s clinic located in Coopers Plains to learn more about implants.
What is Dental Abutment?
The abutments are part of dental implants placed to your missing teeth. They are artificial devices that act as the connection to the dental implants after the healing cycle is over. The dentist uses an abutment to attach a crown, bridge, or detachable denture to the dental implant gears.
Moreover, dental abutment also helps shape the gums in a sound and good-looking manner around the dental restoration. The materials applied for the abutment can influence strength and aesthetics, so cautious thought is necessary when selecting the proper dental implant abutment for the work.
Angulated Dental Abutment
An abutment is not automatically corresponding to the long axis of the dental implant. Your dentist will use an angulated abutment when the dental implant is at an unusual inclination to the proposed prosthesis. The chief reason for this situation is to make all false abutments parallel and achieve proper restorative contours.
The angulated abutments are available in different angles such as 15°, 25°, 35°, and 45° degrees. The most dentist used the average angulated abutments in a single tooth and partially or fully edentulous conditions. It tends to be organized both in cement-retained and screw-retained refurbishments.
Two Classes of Dental Implant Abutments
The dental abutment has two classes with different materials used. Your dentist will check first how your missing teeth affect your gums and bones. Then he or she will choose the right type of dental implant abutments for your unique condition. The two classes of dental abutments are:
Custom Made Abutments
The dentist will make first an impression of the top of your dental implant along with adjacent teeth and gingiva. Then he or she will fabricate your custom-made dental abutment at the dental lab. The size, shape and material rely upon the clinical application.
Regularly, your dentist can make any abutment at the dental laboratory. He or she can produce a dental abutment with a smooth exterior, with threaded holes and a wide range of unique securing systems for removable false teeth.
Another variety is the point at which the crown and abutment are one part, and the lag-screw navigates both to make sure about the one-piece construction to the interior string on the dental implant. No matter what type of dental abutment, your dentist will still make the designed restoration at the dental laboratory. Urban IT, a company that specialises in medical IT support and repair, says that modern software can produce dental restorations that match the patient’s mouth exactly.
The dentist manufactures the prefabricated or stock abutments in a range of sizes and shapes. Manufacturing industries usually give this type of abutment along with the dental implants. From the different dental abutments scope, your dentist will choose the ones that best fit the clinical case.
Material Used for Prefabricated Abutments
The dentist can produce prefabricated dental abutments in various types of materials. These materials can be surgical stainless steel, titanium, gold and zirconium.
Most dentists used titanium abutments because of the fantastic properties of the titanium alloys. This property has incredible strength and biocompatibility that can be applied for any prosthetic restoration.
Furthermore, doctors prefer applying a metal prosthetic in the back molar zone. This reason is because of the expanded masticatory forces present in these regions.
The newest type of dental abutment is zirconium. The dentist uses zirconium abutment to complement the appearance of dental implant restoration.
Once the dentist planned all ceramics or zirconium restorations, zirconium implant abutments can give a more desirable choice. Using a zirconium abutment can help hide the dim shade of the metal abutment. For that reason, you will no longer think about matching the color of your neighboring teeth.
Additionally, in the year 2011, a one-piece zirconia implant was introduced into the market for both abutment and fixture.
Your dentist can use different materials other than titanium and zirconium. These other materials are gold alloy, stainless steel and so forth. Even though signs are smaller, there are circumstances in which your dentist can use this material effectively.
The dentist considers several factors when selecting the right abutment for you. These factors include:
The Type of Prosthesis
Your dentist will examine the appropriate type of prosthesis concerning your desire. This type can be a crown, fixed extension or detachable dental replacement.
How the restoration will Attach to the Dental Abutment
Your dentist can use dental cement, lag-screws, or special retainers to attach the artificial tooth in your dental abutment.
The Placement of the Dental Implant
Your dentist will check the position of your dental implant inside the mouth. Generally, your dentist will place larger artificial abutments in the back of the mouth because of the increased chewing forces.
Your dentist will Secure the Prosthesis to The Abutment Using Dental Cement
For this situation, the outside of the artificial abutment is smooth. The dentist will securely attach the restoration to the abutments with dental cement like how crowns and bridges placed on real teeth.
The fundamental benefit of this procedure is they provide a more aesthetic style.
Your Dentist Will Fix the Prosthesis Using a Lag-Screw
These kinds of refurbishments need artificial abutments with a threaded hole in the center.
The dentist will use a screw to attach the restoration. The screw penetrates the dental crowns and joins to the threaded holes. Once your dentist placed the screw, they will then seal the holes that traverse the crowns with a composite material.
The of this procedure is that they are simpler to keep up and change when the prosthetic cracks.
Your Dentist Will Connect the Removable Dentures Using Special Retainers
Your dentist uses a special retainer type abutment to hold dentures using a male-connector joined to the implant and a female-connector in the false teeth.
These kinds of stock abutments permit the denture movement—however, adequate maintenance to improve the quality of life for denture wearers, contrasted with traditional dentures.
Despite the kind of connector, the female portion will need occasional replacement.